Medical interpreters, healthcare providers, and community respondents were recruited to offer information about depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) within the Somali refugee community; and to share knowledge of common Somali beliefs about mental illness, traditional treatment approaches, and advice for healthcare providers working with this population.Six interpreters and seven providers (including psychiatrists, counselor and primary care physicians) were interviewed individually, and two group discussions were held with elders from the Somali community in Seattle.They may be skeptical of traditional explanations of mental illness to which older generations subscribe.
Limited research has been conducted examining the prevalence of mental illness among Somali refugees.
In Somalia, attitudes, social customs, and gender roles are primarily based on Islamic tradition and male-dominant society.
In 2016, Lila Rice updated this section with new information added based on a review of research articles published 2004-2015.
Family structure in Somalia is organized within a patriarchal framework.
The father is the head of the Somali household and is responsible for providing the family with steady and reliable income.